- Published: Friday, 02 May 2014 19:53
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Triest (Trieste Italian, Croatian and Slovak Trs; Friulian and German Triest, Latin Tergeste) is a port city on the Adriatic Sea in Italy, right on the border with Slovenia. It is the capital of the autonomous region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Trieste province.
Trieste and the adjacent hinterland became part of the Habsburg monarchy in the year. 1382, under which retained its autonomy until the 18th century. Development of the city was accelerated after the Emperor Charles VI. in r. 1719 declared a free port of Trieste, and its importance has increased by at r. 1730 became the administrative center of the seacoast. V r. 1775, Trieste became part of the hereditary provinces and shortly thereafter was associated with areas of Gorizia and Gradisca.
As a result of the Napoleonic wars of the Habsburg monarchy throughout the seacoast came first in favor of the Napoleonic Italian Kingdom and then became Trieste in r. 1809 part of the Illyrian Provinces which were directly administered by France. Napoleon's defeat of Austria in the year. 1813 regained this area, and three years later it was transformed into the Kingdom of Illyria. After r. 1825 he was Trieste with their immediate environment separated from the local administration and directly subordinated to the crown. V r. 1849 was canceled and the Kingdom of Illyria Trieste became the seat of the governor for the whole country Littoral crown. This consisted of the March of Istria (including the islands of Kvarner Bay) okněžněného county of Gorizia and Gradisca, and separate them from Trieste. After restoring constitutional life of the monarchy in 1861 Trieste was once again an independent country under the Crown of the Austrian Empire (in connection with the Austro-Hungarian equalizing then became part of the western half of the empire, Cisleithanian). He gained autonomy and there was even Trieste Landtag, headed by a provincial governor. The state administration, however, continued to be organized for the entire territory of the Austrian Littoral (common Designate).
In terms of economic Trieste was the largest and most important port of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. While the end of the 19th century was one of the greatest cities of the monarchy, now has a population of less than 100 years ago.
|Trieste - sign before 1918||
Trieste - sign - part of the A-H